Sunday, April 3, 2011

Just a reminder

1) That V. Which

- "The car that I was driving got a flat tire."
- "My son's car, which I was driving, got a flat tire."

- The distinction between restrictive and nonrestrictive adjective clauses affects the choice between that and which. In nonrestrictive adjective clauses, which is nearly always used now instead of that.

- Use only that in restrictive adjective clauses...we distinguish restrictive and nonrestrictive clauses in writing by putting commas around the nonrestrictive ones.

2) Lie V. Lay

- Rule of thumb: You lie around, but you lay something down.

Lie - conjugation:

Present tense: lie/lies
Past tense: lay
Past participle: lain
Present participle: lying

Lay = conjugation:

Present tense: lay/lays
Past tense: laid
Past participle: laid
Present participle: laying

- The past tense of lie and the present tense of lay are the same thing (i.e. lay)...this can create a lot of confusion.

Source: The McGraw-Hill Handbook of English Grammar and Usage, 2005.


  1. One has to question your patriotism to Canada. You use references from American's to show evidence of why Canada or more specifically Ontario is such a great place. That's well and good but as a reader it shows me your lack of belief in a country that is praised by its own citizenry as a wonderful nation from coast to coast to coast. Not sure how I or any other reader would feel about that Mr.Abbas. If you were say a tourist (which you obviously are not)that toured Canada, then i could understand. You seem way to critical of something that doesn't require any critiquing. The fact that you have dedicated an article on the internet shows that you yourself enjoy drawing boundaries, which again is unpatriotic, at least in Canada. Perhaps you should spend some time in Winnipeg or on the East Coast in the small communities and see the togetherness from all walks of life and see why people appreciate that. Or go to Vancouver and see the very same thing just in larger numbers. Why not write an rticle on government policies that may be influincing division between cities. Perhpas that plays a role. Remember ottowa has been the capital of Canada longer that you and I have been living. So i'm certain that Canadians including those in Toronto are accustomed and accept that fact that Ottawa is the capital. Remember Ottawa has a hockey team much better then that of Toronto's, perhaps that plays a role. You seem to over-think things, not good in a writer by the way. Also I've been to Toronto and there is no such thing as clean air, talk about polluted.

  2. Okay, anonymous internet troll...

    First of all, pretty bizarre of you to have left a comment underneath a post which has nothing to do with what you're talking about. I really can't take you seriously if you can't grasp the simple concept of leaving a post in its proper place.

    Second, I never said anything defamatory against Canada, nor was I drawing unnecessary boundaries. I was pointing out observations between Toronto and Ottawa which I've noticed and I've heard other Canadians allude to. That's important to Canadian identity. The Californian man (who's a PhD in Philosophy) spoke positively about Canada. The New Yorkers spoke positively about Toronto. Do you think quotes from Americans are less valuable than quotes from Canadians? We know we live in a great country. Considering the stereotype of how little Americans know of Canada, I would think these opinions are valuable to Canada's reputation, are they not?

    Third, I lived in Winnipeg for ten years. If you'd have read other posts instead of blithely resorting to mindless internet hate, you would've noticed that. I also lived in Victoria for months and in Nova Scotia for a couple weeks. Don't try and tell me I don't know anything about the "togetherness of Canada". Exactly how long have you lived in Ottawa and Toronto?

    Fourth, which hockey team is better isn't the issue at all. What I care about is the mindless, unnecessary hostility and rivalry people jump to in order to satiate their idiocy. Does that resonate with you?

    Fifth, maybe you should take the time to write an Article on government policies that may be influEncing division between cities. Or maybe that would seem too "unpatriotic" to you and you'd have to go back to trolling on internet sites.

    Sixth, why exactly are you trying to say I'm "way toO critical" when you make the asinine/uninformed comment that "there's no clean air in Toronto?" Doesn't that make you a hypocrite? And since Toronto is Canada's largest city and the most multicultural city in the world, wouldn't that make you unpatriotic for condemning Toronto to your narrow-minded view of it? But I guess that's part of the fun of internet trolling, right?

    So don't try to call me down by saying I overthink things when you A) can't spell / write proper grammar, B) are hypocritical, and C)don't show any politeness and start calling me down. I have no patience for people like you. My advice to you as a writer is - go do something better with your life.

  3. I'm not a writer, i'm a dancer. What are you Charlie Sheen calling me a troll. You sir are missing the point, so take a hike you clown!

  4. No, I'm not missing the point, nor am I a clown. I'm calling you an internet troll. Do you know what that is? That's what you are. Look it up and educate yourself. You're a dancer? Funny how you just state that like I would really care. And "Take a hike"? Do you actually say that in public? And you're calling ME a clown?
    Congratulations. Go look for your pointless battles somewhere else.